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来源: 时间:2019/7/29 13:56:00 点击: 今日评论:
 with the help of 在~~帮助下      

under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格    

be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

at present=at the present time 目前  

for the present 暂时

in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下       

under the sun 在世界上

lie in 位于~~之内              

lie on 同~~接壤          

lie to 位于~~之外

at least 至少                     

in the least 丝毫,一点

by name 名叫                    

in the name of 以~~名义

in the air 空中,在流传            

on the air 播出

in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法               

In a way 在某点上,在某种程度上

get one’s own way to do 随心所欲                   

give way 让步,屈服

lose one’s way 迷路                             

by the way 顺便说一下

on one’s way to  在去~~的路上                  

Come this way 这边走

at the corner 在拐角处(外角)                 

in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

judge by / from 根据~~来判断                

judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断

at the end (of)  在~~结束时                   

at the beginning of 在~~开始时           

at the back of 在~~背后,支持                     

at the age of  ~~岁时

at the foot of 在~~脚下                         

at the bottom of 在~~底部

at the top of 在~~顶上                          

 at/on the edge of 在~~边上

in the course of 在~~过程中            

in the  eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里     

in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使              

in the middle of 在~中间

in  the end =at last=finally 最后

on the eve of 在~~前夕                   

on the side of 在~~一边

after a time = after some time 过一段时间后    

for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

behind time 迟到,过期                   

behind the times 落在时代后面

at no time 决不                           

in no time 立即,马上

at one time = once time 曾经           

at a time = each time 每次

at times =  sometimes 有时             

at all times 经常,一直,始终

at the same time 同时                 

at the time  在~~的时候

by the time 到~~的时候

for a moment 一会儿                 

for the moment 暂时

at the moment 当时                 

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

once or twice 一两次                 

more than once 不止一次

once more 重新,又                  

once upon a time 从前

once in a while 偶尔


1. 以break为中心的词组
break  away from 脱离,逃离          

break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚     

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服           

break  into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始

break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚  

break the law 违反法律

break the  record 破记录               

break one’s promise 失言

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解


2. 以catch为中心的词组
be  caught doing 被发现做某事              

be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车                

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word 听懂某人的话              

catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up  with 赶上,追及,追上


3. 以come为中心的词组

come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付  

come along  一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击   

come back 回来;恢复,复原

come down  倒下;降落;跌落;病倒        

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次     

come into  being 发生,产生,出现,形成

come into power 开始执政,当权,当选      

come into use 开始使用,获得应用 

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come to know 开始了解到                  

come out  出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于           

come to an end 终止,结束

come  true 实现,成为现实;证实                   

come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭                       

be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事                 

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于            

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用                  

do much 极有用
do wrong to 做错                          

do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework 做作业                 

do one’s utmost 尽力而为

do proud 足以使~~骄傲                    

do sb. justice 公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生         

do sb. a favor 帮助某人  
do  well in 学得不错,干得漂亮             

do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without 不需要,不用                   

do wonders 创造奇迹  

have much to do with 和~~很有关系          

have nothing to do with 与~~无关

have  something to do with 和~~有关         

in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下

That will  do. 行了;够了


5. 以get为中心的词组
get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传         

get above oneself  自视高傲

get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常    

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead  of 胜过,超过                  

get along 前进,进步;同意;离去
get along with 与~~相处                   

get at  发现,了解;掌握;攻击

have got to do 不得不,必须               

get away 离开,逃脱

get back 取回,回来;报复                

get  behind 落后;识破

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁     

get down to 认真对待,静下心来

get familiar  with 熟悉                    

get hold of 获得,取得

get home 到家                                     

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

get off  送走;脱下(衣服);下车;

动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处

get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功               

get  one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯

get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over  越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成              

get ready for 为~~作准备

get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱                 

get through  到达,完成,通过;及格

get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织    

get used to 习惯于


6. 以give为中心的词组
be given to 沉溺于,癖好                    

give about 分配;传播

give and take 相互迁就                      

give  away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back 归还                             

give cause 给予~~的理由

 give ear to 侧耳倾听                       

give  forth 发出,放出;发表

give in 屈服,让步,投降                    

give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步

give off 发出(烟,气味)                    

give oneself out to be/as 自称为

give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首          

give out  分发,公布

give place to 让位于,被~~所替代             

give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生

give sb. to  understand 通知某人              

give up 放弃;停止

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组
look  about 四下环顾;查看                 

look after 照顾,看管

look around 东张西望                      

look at 注视,着眼于

look  back 回顾                            

look for 寻找;期待,期望

look down on 俯视;轻视                   

look forward to 盼望,期待

look  into 窥视;调查;浏览                 

look like 看起来象

look on 旁观;面向                        

look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防

look  over 从上面看过去;检查              

look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to 仰望,尊敬  


8. 以make为中心的词组
be  made from 由~~原料制成                

be made of 由~~材料制成

be made up of 由~~组成                    

make a fool of  愚弄,欺骗

make a mistake 弄错

make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持

make  advantages/use of 使用,利用          

make after 追求,追赶

make believe 假装                          

make certain  确信,把~~弄清楚

make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系

make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于                

make  friends with 和~~交友

make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为                 

make much of 重视;理解;赏识

make  one’s mind on sth. 决定某事                 

make one’s own 当作自己的看待

make oneself at home  随便,别拘束               

make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认

make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视

make up  弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装

make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱              

make way for 为~~让路,让路于

on  the make 急求成功;增加


9. 以put为中心的词组
put aside  把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉   

put back 把~~放回原处;驳回

put  down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into  把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on 上演;穿上,带上

put up with 忍受,容忍 

put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列


10. 以take为中心的词组
be  taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐

take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标

take  away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜

take one’s place 就坐,入坐

take care  of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责

take office 就职,上任

take ~~ for 把~当作

take off  脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱

take one’s temperature 量体温

take part in  参与,参加

take it easy 别着急,慢慢来

take place = happen 发生,举行

take the place of  代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲

take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊


11. 以turn为中心的词组
give  a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法

in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事

out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的  

take one’s turn to do 轮到做

turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见

turn against  背叛,采取敌对态度

turn back 折回,往回走

turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn into 走进;变成,变为 

turn to ~~for help 求助于

turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn on  打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向

turn out  培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是

turn over a new leaf  翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新

turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn to 变成;着手于

turn  upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱